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In July of this year, a field seminar of the Omsk Potato Growers Club took place on my site. After inspecting the site and talking about my technologies and experiences for a long time, one of the authoritative members of the club asks the question: "Since you are using the Mittlider system of splitting a vegetable garden into narrow beds, why do you ignore the recommendations to make wide aisles?"
I show everyone to my garden: "Look, the plants do not interfere with each other ..." It turns out - as it were dismissed ...
It was not too lazy to answer, just everyone was already tired - three hours in the sun! This is not the first time this question has been raised, and it is clearly not the last.
Why did you make the aisles as wide as the garden beds - 50 cm, and not more? Yes, just out of greed. Let's count. The harvest of winter garlic this year is good - 3.2 kg per square meter of the garden. This fact was easy to establish: the weight of all the heads of garlic was divided by the area of the garden. Most often they think so. But there is deceit in this. Why don't we take track area into account when calculating yield?
3.2 kg from a square meter of a garden does not mean at all that a harvest from a hundred square meters is 320 kg! My weaving is 100 meters of a bed (50 cm wide) plus 100 meters of a path (the same width). In reality, it turns out that the yield from a given hundred square meters is the yield from 50 square meters (100 meters multiplied by 0.5 meters) of the ridge - 160 kg. In one Russian cartoon, the hero exclaims: "And in parrots, I am much longer!". So I can, without lying at all, say that the harvest of garlic this year amounted to 320 kg per one hundred of the ridge. But my "accounting" records after the sale of garlic on the market say something completely different - 160 kg were sold. The yield turned out to be "in monkeys"!
Now let's take a system of narrow ridges with wide, meter-long, row spacings. On a hundred square meters of a plot there is no longer 50, but 33 square meters of a ridge, which means that from a hundred we will get only 106 kg of the same garlic. The harvest is already "in elephants", with the same boa constrictor. Facts are stubborn things.
Adherents of narrow ridges with wide passages claim that wide passages are more comfortable to walk on. I totally agree with that! Moreover, it would be nice to have passages of 2.5 meters. Then you could drive on them on a walk-behind tractor or a car. I'm not being ironic at all. It would be really convenient: drove up to the place with a trailer, unloaded organic matter; I put the crop in a trailer right from the garden ... But, unfortunately, I have to be guided not only by convenience. There is an old anecdote about the "new Russian" who was bought by "Zaporozhets". Friends are surprised: "Why do you need" Zaporozhets "? You also have a chic jeep." He calmly replies that, they say, it is inconvenient to ride in a jeep along the corridors of his new house.
Our limited plots in most cases require the use of every piece of land. Everything that was said above is about the economy, so to speak. But it is important to consider other factors, the main of which is a place in the sun for each plant. One of the Omsk newspapers literally says the following about the narrow paths on my site: "In principle, this is nonsense. Many experts say that in this case there is not enough sunlight for photosynthesis." But my plants do not push each other, but only just close the tops in the phase of their maximum development, despite the opinion of many experts.
It turns out that the experts are wrong? In no case. But you can cheat and get around some of the problems. The first thing to do is to place the beds from north to south. So the illumination of all cultures will become much better. Thinking over the placement of crops for the next year, I try to take into account not only the requirement of crop rotation (bed rotation), but also the size of the vegetative mass of plants located in neighboring beds.
For example, if you place next to narrow beds with zucchini and cabbage, then they will clearly shade each other. I have carrots growing next to the cabbage. The tops of carrots grow mainly upward, and therefore most of the area of the path goes to cabbage, and the carrots do not suffer. There are many such combinations if you look closely at the plants.
Potatoes do not fit into this principle. If you plant it not in a continuous array, but place it on the beds mixed with other crops, then it must be taken into account that its stems fall under their own weight. And if we consider that in some varieties these stems reach 1.5 meters in length, it turns out that they will block not only my narrow paths, but also the neighboring beds.
But we are solving this issue too. In reality, everything happens like this. The potato beds alternate with family onions or winter garlic. At the beginning of summer, onions and garlic grow intensively, and potatoes are only gaining strength. At the beginning of August, the potatoes become cramped. But at this time, onions and garlic are already ripening, we remove them. And the potato rows are placed two meters away. They have enough space with interest. Thus, plants are not deprived of light, and an important condition is fulfilled - there is no empty land on which the sun's rays fall.
In August, in my section with a wheelbarrow, you can only drive along the main paths located across the ridges, they are wide - 1-1.2 meters. You can walk along the aisles between the beds, but it is better to do it carefully. But in August there is no longer a need for frequent walks between the ridges. There are almost no weeds, loosening and watering are not needed. I do not urge everyone to do it my way, to each his own. My principle of splitting a vegetable garden is one of the options, and you choose.
Oleg Telepov, gardener, member of the Omsk club of potato growers
The first pinching of tomatoes is carried out when their length reaches 15-20 cm. The lateral processes are neatly broken off or cut off.
But it is a pity to throw them away. Several cropped stepchildren can be left.
Place them in water and, after a few days, the stepsons will root out. Then they can be safely transplanted into open ground.
When growing tomatoes in a greenhouse, stepchildren are removed gradually, as they develop (pinching is carried out once a week).
After pouring the fruits, it is necessary to remove the lower leaves of the tomatoes, leaving bare stems. This will increase the quality of airing the bushes and reduce their moisture.
I read inspiring material on one of the sites, a story about growing potatoes using a microbiological preparation. I want to warn you right away that this text is not a PR of a means, rather, I want to ask the gardeners if it is really possible to get a significant increase in yield just thanks to such things? But the photo shows potatoes, and you can see that it grew like this ...
To work using the method of Dr. Mitlider, it is necessary to make a planning of the future vegetable garden in advance. She is consists of several parts:
In Russia, gardeners rarely engage in such planning. However, this is of great importance. Planning can help you make better use of the available space. The seedlings will be stronger and more resistant to weather changes.
For example, you can orientate the mitlider beds in such a way that the illumination of the plants will be maximum both in the morning and in the evening.
The Russian version of Meatlider's technology is to grow plants when a narrow box is usedthat can be hung on vertical posts.
In such narrow beds, the planting of plants can be single-row or double-row. Landing is done, on the contrary, or adhering to a checkerboard pattern. It is very important to take into account the characteristics of the growth of each culture.
To retain water, the edges of the beds along the Meatlider are finished with earthen bumpers. Seedlings are planted inside the sides. All boxes-ridges must have a two-layer soil, for this natural soil is mixed with artificial soil mixture.
To obtain a good harvest, the doctor emphasized that the correct nutrition of plants is of great importance, it is necessary to feed them with special mineral fertilizers.
To exclude plant burn, the applied top dressing must be located away from the plant (about 10 cm). A healthy plant has a major impact on the soil. For example, strong seedlings enrich the soil well with their root secretions.
This technology does not use rainwater irrigation. It only increases the amount of weeds. Only one ridges are watered. Irrigation of seedlings is carried out at ground level. Thus, the appearance of mold on the leaves is excluded, and water is saved. Each crop must be planted on time dictate regional characteristicsand also the beginning of frost.
This technology cannot be used in some areas... These include:
In order to apply the Mitlider method in Russia, it is necessary to carry out repeated feeding using a large amount of fertilizers.
In some cases, the installation of a special irrigation system is required. This leads to high cash costs.
It is very important to have good illumination. With shading, yield loss may occur. Grown vegetables will contain a lot of nitrates and will be difficult to store. To get rid of nitrates on its own, each the plant uses photosynthesis... It requires a lot of water and light.
In the open field, narrow soil ridges are mainly used. A narrow ridge box is installed in greenhouses.
The standard length of the Meatlider ridge should be up to 9 meters, with a width equal to 45 centimeters. The width of the passages is at least 105 centimeters.
There should be a sanitary zone along the entire fence. Its width usually reaches one meter. If the passage is less than 105 centimeters wide, the plants will begin to shade each other, there will be a limitation of the space necessary for their normal growth.
The indicated dimensions can be adjusted according to the area of the site. For example, if the ridge is constantly illuminated by the sun's rays, you can make a narrow passage with your own hands by reducing it by 15 centimeters.
If there is not enough space, it is easy to reduce the length of the bed with your own hands. The width of the aisles can be left within 60 centimeters. This value is in direct proportion to the plant variety.
For tall tomatoes, you can make boxes with your own hands, 30 centimeters wide and set them in one row. Sprawling plants, such as squash, require beds and aisles, made in accordance with the classic Meatlider dimensions.
This allows you to create comfortable watering, weed control, monitor the health of plants and harvest.
The wide passage allows you to see the plant well and not damage it when passing between the beds. When the plant gets enough moisture, the stems and leaves show good growth.
Thanks to the wide aisles, the plant has the opportunity to spread out to receive more light.
Dr. Meatlider foresaw such a case as well. In a vegetable garden with a strong slope, you can install horizontal terraces with your own hands, on which the boxes-ridges will be attached.
For accurate installation, you must first make a drawing of the site with your own hands where the future ridges will be installed. If the plant is tall, you can use vertical trellises... Such beds are best installed in an east direction. Thus, the plant will receive maximum sunlight at sunrise.
In the same way, you need to install greenhouses, adhering to the east direction. If the plant is short, you can orient the ridges in any direction. However, they must be planted from the south so that they are not shaded by taller plants.
It is necessary to clear the site for future ridges, and to do its markup in the fall. To exclude the growth of weeds, you need to dig up and loosen the soil before planting.
You can get a rich harvest of vegetables on the most depleted soil.
Meatlider technology easy to apply on Russian soil... Even a beginner can make such beds with his own hands. Such work does not require special preparatory operations.
The cost of Milayder's beds is available to every gardener. No money is needed to prepare the soil rows. To make boxes-ridges with your own hands, you can use any material, for example, old slate or wooden boards.
You don't need any additional materials to create soil rows. That is why the Meatlider method is becoming very popular in Russia.
While mastering Mitlider's technology, some adjustments were made by Russian gardeners.
Due to the lack of space, it is necessary to reduce the aisles, but the size of the bed width remains unchanged. In this matter, decisive is planted plant variety.
To grow, for example, onions or dill, it is quite enough to make the aisle width equal to 45 centimeters. Tomatoes and cucumbers require a wider aisle. It can be up to one meter.
According to the Meatlider method, plants can be planted in several rows in the garden. For example, cabbage and eggplants can be planted in one row, while peas and garlic can be planted in two rows.
The Russian version of the technology of the Mitlider method made it possible not to dig up the whole garden in the fall, it is quite simple work as a hoe and arrange the beds... With the arrival of spring, the ridges are loosened before planting seedlings.
In conclusion, we can say that the Meatlider method is very simple and effective. It is versatile and does not require large financial investments. However, it should not be used if the site is located in lowlands, wetlands and northern slopes.
Designing the correct beds in the garden will be the solution to many problems and will open up new opportunities for the owner of a summer cottage:
Neat beds will make your garden more attractive and organized.
By planting the plants correctly, you can avoid the growth of weeds on the beds and paths.
Making beds from boards and other materials with your own hands allows you to clearly limit the planting area, thanks to which weeds and harmful plants do not have the opportunity to spread widely. If the garden fence is dug to a great depth, the level of protection increases and perennial weeds that are unable to overcome this obstacle can no longer penetrate into the garden.
Note! With the help of beds with well-buried fences, the spread of plants such as reeds and creeping wheatgrass is effectively blocked. Their root system is capable of covering long distances underground if unrestricted.
High warm beds made of quality materials can serve the owners for many years
To organize a garden, several types of beds are used:
Wide paths and the optimal size of the beds will allow you not to step on the ground when working with plants
Standard beds are flush with the garden, they do not go deep into the ground and do not protrude above it. At the same time, the owner of the territory can independently choose the width, length and nature of the location of the beds in the summer cottage, photos of interesting design options can be seen in this article. As a rule, plantings are placed at a distance of no more than 0.5 m from each other to make it easier to care for the plants. It is recommended to use a rope stretched between the pegs to mark the area. The use of a special garden marker is allowed.
The paths can be sown with lawn grass, but it is necessary to follow the clear outlines of the beds.
Before you start making beds with a narrow structure, you should make sure that the building area has a flat surface and a sufficient level of lighting. This type of product is characterized by increased row spacing. This parameter can sometimes reach 1 m. At the same time, the beds themselves do not exceed 0.45 m in width. The structures of narrow beds rise slightly above the soil level. The difference between the height of the garden and the surface of the plot is 0.2 m.
Many gardeners note the convenience when working with narrow beds.
In the zone where the construction of the beds is planned, the soil should be dug up and fertilized. At the same time, you should not spend nutritional supplements on the aisles, you only need to process the planting site. Dolomite flour or a special complex consisting of minerals can be used as fertilizers.
Interesting fact! Narrow structures are also called Mittlider beds (in honor of the person who invented the technology for their manufacture). According to the agronomist, the vegetable garden will yield a good harvest if the plants are regularly watered and nutritious mixtures of industrial production are applied. And he, on the contrary, did not recommend using compost and manure.
Narrow beds according to the Mittlider method, due to the large amount of light received, give a good harvest
Any summer resident first of all decides what to make the beds in the garden from, and only then proceeds to further planning and construction, since the technology of their creation depends on the physical and operational parameters of the material. Regardless of its choice, the mechanism for making structures is almost always the same. Construction begins with the installation of the frame. The standard size of such structures is 0.9 m (width) and 1.2 m (length). After that, the product is filled with fertile soil.
Garden beds made of quality wood are more environmentally friendly compared to concrete or asbestos-cement
The designs of self-made beds from scrap materials can be created on the basis of:
Gabion can also be used to organize a warm garden.
Of no small importance in obtaining a rich harvest is the correct choice of a place for the construction of beds and a scheme for their placement. It is desirable that the area chosen for the organization of the vegetable garden be flat and as much as possible illuminated by the sun throughout the day.
Note! Most plants need a lot of sunlight. A little darkening will be helpful in the afternoon.
To make the right choice of a place for organizing a vegetable garden, it is recommended to spend some time on the site and observe the distribution of light throughout the territory throughout the day. In addition, special attention should be paid to the placement of trees, both on your site and on the territory of neighbors. This is necessary in order to determine how large the shadow is and where it falls. It should be borne in mind that the area, bathed in sun in winter, can be shaded in summer, since in the warm season dense foliage appears on the bushes and trees.
Do-it-yourself beautiful garden beds in the country: photo examples and unusual solutions
Photos of interesting designs of beds, recommendations for their creation. Tips for designing an unusual landscape design on the site.
The best place is the area where the sun is present throughout the day. It is allowed to install beds where shadow is present in the morning or afternoon. If the proposed construction zone is darkened throughout the day, you should not use this place for arranging a vegetable garden.
The choice of the design of the beds is carried out at an early stage of planning, when a place for the garden has already been selected.
Each type of garden bed has certain advantages:
Container beds are very convenient as they can be moved to another convenient location if desired.
Annual plants can be grown in large plastic bottles and placed in a convenient location for the site
Helpful advice! If you plan to plant crops in the open field, it is recommended to determine the quality of the soil, fertilize it and check the compatibility of vegetables in the garden according to the table.
There are many garden problemsthat can impress the average gardener. Fortunately, there are simple solutions to these problems as well.
Not everything in vegetable growing works out as expected. Troubleshoot your garden with these simple tips for an unbeatable harvest this year!
You spent the first part of spring collecting garden seeds in the ground. You think you gave your garden the right amount of water and added compost, and yet your garden does not produce the way you want it.
You are not alone! Many vegetable gardens have similar problems when it comes to production. Often the reason is the weather, water, or wishful thinking on your part.
One of my favorite things is to go to my garden first thing in the morning to see what surprises await me. (Last year I grew my whole vegetable garden on deck!)
I usually come back with a basket of goodies for dinner, but there are days when the vegetable is not visible.
It got me thinking about garden problems that many people may experience. Why do some gardens produce very well while others find it difficult to harvest for you?
If these vegetable gardens are a problem for you, and not a pleasure, these tips may come in handy.
Troubleshoot your vegetable garden to solve common gardening problems I grow vegetables! Click to tweet
One of the biggest challenges vegetable garden associated with the seeds themselves. There is nothing worse than planting a bunch of seeds and finding that none of them germinate or that the germination rate is very slow.
Why is this happening? There can be many reasons why this is happening (and don't worry - you are not alone!)
Many plants will run off and go into seed. This usually happens when temperatures are higher than ideal for a particular plant. This is the plant's survival mechanism. The plant knows death is near and it produces seeds for the next generation.
Once the plant is bolted up, it will usually taste bitter. Lettuce, spinach and broccoli are easy to grow.
You can avoid this by making sure you plant the plants in the ground early in the spring. Typically, plants that are easy to plant in early summer are cool loving plants. Planting them in a darker location will give them a little more time to grow as well.
Best done with bolted plants in
I really love bell peppers! Every day I knead it into salads, eat it twice a day, at lunchtime and in the evening, as dinner. Considering that I need a fair amount of peppers, my mother planted a corner for me in her garden with this sweet delicacy. Next, read her experience of sowing sweet pepper seeds for seedlings and further growing seedlings.
Recently, I managed to significantly facilitate my work on planting carrot seeds and all thanks to the sowing belts. I liked the technology, I worked it out and am ready to share with you the secrets, but what secrets are there, however ... And the advantages are obvious - there is no need to thin out the seedlings, respectively, there is more time that can be used much more efficiently. Continue reading "Secrets of planting carrot seeds on the tape"
The whole process of vegetable growing according to Lyadov's system can be reduced to two technological operations - the cultivation of vegetables on specially organized narrow ridges according to the Meatlider method and natural farming without the use of pesticides.
For many years in a row, Igor Lyadov's garden was in a state of disrepair. Vegetable crops in the Far Eastern climate felt uncomfortable, they suffered from waterlogging, soaking.
Regular fertilizing with mineral fertilizers did not save the day, the taste of vegetables was unsatisfactory, the degeneration of potatoes was observed, and the yield of vegetable crops decreased every year.
The gardener enthusiast decided to take up his plot seriously. He noticed that when using wide traditional beds, the leaves of only those plants that were on the edges of the ridge develop normally.
The farmer concludes that the presence of fresh air masses and spaciousness affects the processes of plant growth and development. Igor Nikolaevich finds confirmation of his ideas in the method of growing vegetables by Meatlider. It boils down to growing crops on narrow strips of land with a fairly large row spacing (75 cm or more).
The Russian plant breeder decides to modify the technique and raise the warm, hand-made beds above the dirt paths by 20 cm in order to get rid of regular floods, which are not rare in the area where he lives. An enterprising gardener put together a wooden fence - a box, and fenced the ridges.
Such a fence served as protection against soil erosion. It turned out to be an impromptu container.
The advantages of containers are obvious:
Soon, Lyadov decides to abandon mineral fertilizers.Plants grown in his garden receive only organic matter in the form of manure, herbal infusion, compost, mulch. Wood ash is also used. Igor Lyadov's warm beds and amazing vegetable garden are a great example of natural farming in the open field.